Bariatric Surgery (also known as stomach reduction and weight loss surgery) is a medical term for various surgical procedures that aim to reduce weight, especially in cases of severe overweight – obesity. The individual surgical options that are performed for bariatric surgery in Turkey differ in the effectiveness of weight loss. So-called weight loss surgery is a specialty of abdominal surgery that aims to reduce severe obesity by reducing the volume of the stomach. In some cases, more extensive interventions are performed in the intestinal area to achieve the goal.
The weight reductions achieved have more than just a cosmetic effect. Rather, studies indicate that the weight reductions achieved have a positive effect on the metabolism and produce so-called metabolic effects. Blood sugar levels in diabetics improve dramatically and other diseases associated with obesity, such as high blood pressure or elevated blood lipid levels, have been shown to improve. On the other hand, surgery is often considered only when other types of treatment fail to achieve weight loss.
Gastric reduction should only be considered under certain conditions. These include that the combination of nutritional counseling, exercise training and behavioral therapy have not led to any change even after twelve months. In addition, the body mass index should be at least above 40 for men and between 35 and 40 for women, which is why diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and sleep apnea are already attributed to this. For patients over 65 years of age, surgery is considered only in exceptional cases. In addition, the patient must agree to lead an active lifestyle with a balanced diet after the surgery. Gastric dilatation is not recommended in the case of a known cancer, an eating disorder that has not yet been treated, a generally poor general condition, or previous operations or damage to the gastrointestinal tract.