A denture is necessary when you have lost teeth or when the teeth are so damaged that they can no longer be treated with a filling. Thanks to today’s dentistry, there are a variety of treatments available. Today, you can choose between several therapies, which we want to describe to you briefly below.
A first consideration would be whether you prefer fixed or removable dentures.A fixed dental prosthesis
refers to implants, crowns and bridges, which are firmly fixed in the jaw.
A fixed dental prosthesis
A fixed dental prosthesis refers to implants, crowns and bridges, which are firmly fixed in the jaw.
Also see implants and crowns
A bridge is a convenient solution to close tooth gaps. The gap-limiting teeth are crowned and inserted into the middle of a bridge (artificial tooth) and secured. The fixed dental prosthesis is firmly cemented in and therefore cannot be taken out. One can recognise ceramic veneered bridges with their gold frame and full ceramic bridges for their highest aesthetic capabilities.
A Zirconium bridge (from Zirconium oxide) is used as a material for aesthetics, durability and compatibility. Full ceramic bridges are made of Zirconium oxide ceramic frames (highly stable, bio-compatible) and they are also called “white gold”.
Also known as porcelain veneers, they are wafer-thin ceramic facets, which are attached to the visible area of the front teeth in order to achieve a visually effective beautification of individual teeth. The application of veneers is very gentle and causes no adverse deterioration of the teeth.
When you look closely, a veneer looks like a small plastic nail and is very precise, fine and accurate. Veneers are even transparent in the light.
With good care veneers have a durability of at least 10 years.
The insertion of veneers has a lot of advantages:
Ceramic veneers are biologically very well tolerated
Veneers look natural and are aesthetically a good optical solution
Plaque or deposits do not remain on the ceramic surface
The colour does not change with external influences
Please also note:
The use of porcelain veneers cannot be undone. After pre-treating a tooth, it will always require a veneer or a crown for an optimal appearance.
Veneers are made to last, depending on care, but the procedure must be performed again over time.
Lumineers are very thin ceramic plates, which are permanently fixed to the teeth with special glue. Originally they come from the US, but are used internationally. The new technology allows the lumineers to be applied painlessly to create a uniform surface. As they are so transparent and as wafer-thin as contact lenses, they look like natural teeth. The lumineers encase the tooth, so that no traces are visible.
As with veneers, the durability of lumineers is very long and they can last for around 10 years. Good oral hygiene and the use of whitening toothpaste supports the longevity of lumineers. Feel free to speak to the dentist on location in Istanbul or Antalya about the most suitable method for you.
What is the difference between lumineers and veneers?
In the treatment with veneers about 0.8 to 2 mm of the tooth structure must be sanded. The tooth restoration with the extremely thin, contact lens-like lumineers allow cosmetic dental optimisation without grinding the teeth.
In order to make the right choice for your cosmetic surgery, we recommend that you speak with the local doctor in order to receive optimal and individualised treatment.
Removable dentures are full or partial dentures.
Today’s dentistry prefers – also like most patients – fixed dentures, which are similarly stable and anchored like your own teeth. So you can bite powerfully – without complaints. Then our patients experience sophisticated comfort.
Full prosthesis (complete denture)
If a patient no longer has any teeth for fixing crowns, bridges or partial dentures, they need a full denture. This denture can be optimally restored in most cases, both the aesthetics as well as the chewing and speech function. Through tooth loss, sunken lips and cheeks can be supported again and return to their natural appearance.
The dentures are held in place by a suction effect of the thin film of saliva between the denture and the mucous membrane in the mouth. How good the durability is depends mainly on the shape of the jaw, the buccal mucosa and the salivary flow of the patient. In general, however, a total prosthesis sits better on the upper jaw because of the wide surface area of the palate than on the lower jaw. The natural anatomical conditions are unfavorable. Due to the tongue space, and the movable tongue, it is difficult to achieve a comparable suction effect.
An optimally designed total prosthesis allows a natural look with full functionality. Through individual measurement data of the jaw and face, including the patient’s physiognomy, the aesthetic anterior design and the ability to create multi-coloured gums, we can achieve outstanding results.
- Aesthetic anterior design
- Natural appearance for every age group
- Static-functional installation methods
- Individual measuring of the jaw and face
- Inclusion of patient typical physiognomy
- Possibility of multi-coloured gums
- More natural look through individual preparation
The simplest implementation of a partial prosthesis consists of a plastic base and the replaced teeth as well as any curved elements and supporting elements, are treated with so-called braces, to retain elements and, at best, adding extra supporting elements, which prevent the sinking of the dental prosthesis.
The brace denture is anchored to the remaining teeth. This is the simplest and most affordable denture, which can be enhanced with an incorporated wire or bracket.
Here there are various methods:
With a brace denture, the prosthesis is anchored with braces.
With the attached prosthesis, adjacent teeth are crowned and then the attachment is appended to the teeth, so that the denture can be anchored.
Also with the telescope prosthesis, adjacent teeth are crowned and the prosthesis is attached to the crowns with a metal cone.
A partial denture generally has a good stability, as it can be anchored to the existing fixed teeth.